Besakih Temple is the biggest Hindu temple in Bali which the local people call Pura Besakih. It owns beautiful view from the top of temple area where we can see the wide nature panorama until to the ocean so that way this temple is many visited by tourists from all over the world. Besakih Temple is located in Besakih countryside, Rendang sub district, Karangasem regency, east part of the island. It is located in southwest side bevel of mount Agung , the biggest mounts in Bali . It is because pursuant to Agung Mount confidence is holiest and highest mount in Bali Island.
Besakih in Mythology
Name of Besakih is mentioning the temple location which is located in Besakih countryside and come from the word of Basuki which has come from Sanskrit Wasuki, then it become the Ancient Java Ianguage which the Basuki means congratulation. In mythology of Samudramanthana has mentioned that Basuki is a dragon which twines the Mount Mandara . The omission has come from tradition megalithic which has indicated that it has to be sanctified place. It seems Besakih is coming from very old era which is far before the existence of Hinduism influence. Hereinafter an Ancient Bali king, Sri Kesari Warmadewa found the Merajan Selonding Temple in this temple complex area. He also commands to build the Blanjong Monument which is located in Sanur countryside. The Besakih Temple complex is built pursuant to cosmos balance. It is based on the nature conception, hence it is disseminating the fundamental temple complex which is arranged to pursuant to the direction way, so that its building can deputize nature as symbolic of the world balance existence.
Besakih Temple in Hindu’s Philosophy
As we familiarize with the point direction way like East, South, West, North, and middle as center point. Each direction way is named by Mandala. In Hindu philosophy, Panca Dewata is manifestation of Siwa God. Like Penataran Agung Temple as center, we find in its courtyard conception show the solidarity conception between the original Indonesia culture namely tradition megalithic in form of Punden berundak-undak with the Hinduism concept. The ancient omissions which is existing in Besakih Temple complex can be classified into 2 types that are omission pertained by megalithic tradition and classic era. Besakih Temple beside as the altar for Hindu people in Bali, it is also as tourist destination which is a lot of visited by tourists.
Besakih Temple is located in the plateau area which is covered by the cool atmosphere and Mount Agung as a back drop. From the top of temple building, we can see the beautiful panorama of nature from the temple area to the ocean. It is situated in cool area with the light breeze and unique temple buildings spread out in the temple complex will create the peaceful atmosphere. It is ideally for the people who did the meditation and now, the Besakih Temple is opened for tourist and it is the great place to visit in Bali.